Ahmed Nuri | The Representational and Structural Anxieties of Turkish Literary Modernity Literary: Subjectivities and Modernism in the Turkish Novel | ARTES, University of Amsterdam | 11- 10- 2018 (4 years) | Supervisors: Prof. dr. Luiza Bialasiewicz dr. Guido Snel
This research project intends to understand and investigate the relationship between the notion of modernity and literature in the context of the Ottoman-Turkish modernization through the literary works of three prominent Turkish novelists, Ahmet H. Tanpınar, Adalet Agaoglu, and Orhan Pamuk. The focus of the study on particular novels of these three authors, with an interdisciplinary perspective, combines literary analysis with closed reading, using the tools of narratological analysis, and an analysis of the Turkish novel in the context of world literature. The main goal of the research is to examine literary modernity in Turkey through the selected novels, considering if literature can be a central point to examine the experience of modernity in Turkey, and how the various aspects of (literary) modernity in the Ottoman-Turkish context are represented, narrated, and reconstructed in the novels, whereas these novels have been shaping literary modernism in Turkish literature between the 1950s and 1990s. The study, therefore, suggest a new way of understanding Turkish literary modernity through the conceptual framework of anxiety, which is a phenomenological tool that explains the modes, forms, tensions, and contexts of a phenomenon of “change” and “new” in the simultaneity of socio-cultural, economic, and institutional transformations with regard to literary modernity, particularly the Turkish novel. In this manner, my research consists of an analysis of the literary subjectivities in the novels, constituting a character typology as a character-identity mapping in the Turkish novel. The concept of anxiety is used not only as a phenomenological concept that explains the structural aspects of literary modernity but also as representational formations of literary subjectivities as the manifestations of individual and collective identities in a broader sense. In short, the study aims at developing epistemological knowledge about the Turkish literary modernity, focusing on particular literary texts and the macro-level processes that elaborate the crossroads where fictional literary works penetrate socio-cultural and politicalideological structures and discourses in Turkey and vice versa.